Isooctyl nitrate as diesel additive-cetane number accelerator

Isooctyl nitrate is a commonly used diesel additive that is widely used to increase the cetane number of diesel. It can improve the combustion performance of diesel and reduce the production of combustion noise and emissions.

Purpose and application areas

Isooctyl nitrate is mainly used as a cetane number accelerator for diesel fuel and has the following application fields:

Diesel fuel additives

Diesel fuel additives are chemicals added to diesel fuel to improve its performance. Isooctyl nitrate can improve the quality and efficiency of diesel by increasing its cetane number, improving its combustion performance, and reducing noise and emissions.

Diesel engine improver

As a diesel engine improver, isooctyl nitrate can improve engine power and fuel efficiency while reducing noise and emissions. It also improves engine reliability and durability and reduces maintenance costs.

Diesel combustion catalyst

Isooctyl nitrate can be used as a raw material for diesel combustion catalysts. It reacts with other chemicals to form a catalyst, which can be used to improve the combustion efficiency of diesel and reduce the production of emissions.

Preparation method and process flow of isooctyl nitrate

The preparation method of isooctyl nitrate is usually carried out through the following process flow:

  1. React isooctyl alcohol with nitric acid to form isooctyl nitrate.

The preparation method of isooctyl nitrate requires attention to reaction conditions and purification steps to ensure product quality and purity.

The importance and role of isooctyl nitrate in the chemical industry

Isooctyl nitrate plays an important role in the chemical industry:

As a diesel additive

Isooctyl nitrate can be used as a diesel additive to increase the cetane number of diesel and improve its combustion performance and environmental protection performance. It reduces diesel emissions such as nitrogen oxides, particulate matter and hydrocarbons, thereby reducing environmental impact.

Application in the field of medicine

Isooctyl nitrate is also used in the pharmaceutical field. It can be used to treat heart disease, high blood pressure and other diseases of the cardiovascular system. In addition, isooctyl nitrate can also be used to treat male erectile dysfunction.

Applications in other fields

Isooctyl nitrate can also be used as industrial raw materials such as plastic softeners and lubricating oil additives, and is widely used in chemical industry, metallurgy, machinery and other fields.

Preparation method and process flow of isooctyl nitrate

The preparation method of isooctyl nitrate is usually carried out through the following process flow:

  1. React isooctyl alcohol with nitric acid to form isooctyl nitrate.
  2. Obtain pure isooctyl nitrate through distillation and purification steps.

In the preparation method of isooctyl nitrate, factors such as reaction temperature, reaction time, reactant mass ratio, catalyst type and dosage will all affect its yield and quality. In the actual production process, optimization and adjustment need to be made according to specific conditions.

The importance and role of isooctyl nitrate in the chemical industry

Isooctyl nitrate plays an important role in the chemical industry:

As a diesel additive, it increases the cetane number of diesel and improves combustion performance.

Isooctyl nitrate can increase the cetane number of diesel fuel, thereby improving its combustion performance. The cetane number is an important indicator of diesel fuel. It indicates the ability of diesel fuel to self-ignite in compression ignition engines. Isooctyl nitrate can increase the cetane number of diesel fuel, making it more likely to self-ignite, thereby improving engine efficiency and performance.

Used as a fuel additive to reduce emissions and reduce environmental pollution

Isooctyl nitrate can reduce diesel engine emissions and reduce environmental pollution. Diesel engines will produce some harmful substances during the combustion process, such as nitrogen oxides, particulate matter, etc. Isooctyl nitrate can improve the combustion performance of diesel and reduce the production of these harmful substances, thereby reducing the impact on the environment.

Physical and chemical properties of isooctyl nitrate

Isooctyl nitrate is a colorless and transparent liquid with the following physical and chemical properties:

Physical properties

  • Molecular formula: C8H17NO3
  • Molecular weight: 175.23
  • Density: 0.963g/mLat 25°C(lit.)
  • Boiling point: 306.53°C (rough estimate)
  • Flash point: 168°F
  • Water solubility: 12.5mg/L at 20℃
  • Steam pressure: 27Pa at 20℃
  • Refractive index: n20/D 1.432(lit.)

Chemical Properties

Isooctyl nitrate is a nitro ester compound with oxidizing properties. It can react with other chemicals, such as metal powders to produce explosions. Safety needs to be paid attention to during storage and use.

Safety and environmental impact of isooctyl nitrate

Isooctyl nitrate is a hazardous chemical and requires safety precautions during use and storage. It is irritating and corrosive and can cause harm to the human body. At the same time, it will also have an impact on the environment, such as polluting air, soil and water sources.

In order to protect the safety of personnel and the environment, relevant safety regulations and operating procedures need to be strictly observed during use and storage.

Application and research progress of isooctyl nitrate in the pharmaceutical field

Isooctyl nitrate also has certain applications and research progress in the pharmaceutical field. It has been found that it has certain pharmacological effects, such as antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, etc.

Reactions and interactions between isooctyl nitrate and other compounds

Isooctyl nitrate can react and interact with other chemicals, such as reacting with metal powders to cause explosions. Attention needs to be paid to its interactions with other compounds during use and storage.

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